Stigmatising mental health problems

Before Covid struck, mainstream media were constantly raising the alarm about a mental health crisis among younger people. However, during this pandemic, the mantra protect the NHS has been drummed into us so hard that mental health care has been side-lined.

Although concerns are now being expressed about the psychological impact of lockdown, one presumed cause of the pre-Covid crisis is touted as the new normal : reliance on digital devices and remote interaction. Loss of face-to-face contact is inevitably detrimental.

Yet campaigners and educationalists are doing little to oppose the draconian restrictions—indeed, many have urged the closure of schools and universities.

But was there really an epidemic of mental illness among our youth? Our study focused on the role of the national newspapers, both print and online.

Time to stop stigmatising mental health problems at school

The press has always influenced public attitudes towards mental illness. However, alarmist reporting could be harmful. Using the LexisNexis newspaper database, we ran an automated search for the term mental health crisis and screened for articles relating to adolescents and young people aged 10—24, according to the World Health Organisation definition in the UK. Five main themes emerged from our content analysis.

The most commonly reported cause of mental health problems was the internet, especially social media. The Daily Telegraph launched a duty of care campaign to improve internet safety for children. Pressure to be perfect was highlighted, with girls said to be perpetually comparing themselves with peers on social media. The Daily Mirror reported a freedom of information enquiry showing thatgirls had visited hospital after self-harming, compared with 21, boys.

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The Telegraph and Guardian emphasised the highest ever number of female suicides in the 15—19 age bracket 56although over two thirds of the total of suicides were male. While gender was cited in these articles as a prominent factor, differences in help-seeking behaviour were rarely considered.

For example, the Independent interviewed a psychotherapist with nine times as many female as male clients and suggested that this reflected an extreme disparity in the incidence of mental health problems. Articles tended to feature female cases, as did a Sun report—despite stating that 97 of the students who committed suicide in the previous year were male. Feminist writers blamed sexism. Many articles blamed exam stress.

The Telegraph also reported that Higher Education Minister Sam Gyimah had urged universities to prioritise mental health over learning. There was a consensus in favour of more coaching in mental health and wellbeing for younger people, to boost resilience. The mental health crisis tended to be presented as fact, although numerical evidence appeared in less than a third of articles. Indeed, official statistics showed no significant increase in mental illness among younger people.

As journalist Evan Davis explained, the favoured narrative reinforced a pervasive view that was immune to counter facts. Many of the reported surveys did not refer to diagnosed mental illness but self-reported feelings, potentially pathologizing the angst of adolescence.

The siren was shriller in the broadsheets, perhaps reflecting greater mental health awareness among worried middle-class parents.

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The internet is a double-edged sword. Although some academic studies have found correlations between social media and psychological problems, this is not conclusive evidence of causation, as my systematic literature reviews in Adolescent Research Review and the International Journal of Adolescence and Youth have shown. Certainly, there are hazards on social media, such as addictive use, harmful sexual content, trolling and cyber-bullying, but the personality of the user is probably the most important relevant factor.

Articles relied heavily on experts, whose judgment was not always objective: often the platforms were used to demand more resources. In their generally longer articles, the Guardian consulted charity leaders, campaigners, politicians and psychologists, as well as some pessimistic students.

Stigma, discrimination and mental illness

Yet a mere eight of its reports featured a psychiatrist. Some psychiatrists have criticised the catastrophising of mental health by the media.Stigma affects how other people and the community see people with mental illness and in turn how people with mental illness feel about themselves. Negative opinions, judgments or stereotypes about a person with mental illness create a stigma.

It can lead to people with mental illness being discriminated against and bullied, feeling isolated and excluded, experiencing low self-esteem, and even having suicidal thoughts.

People with mental illness may feel rejected by the people they know, their family and friends, employers or the community. It can make someone try to hide their illness, or not seek the help they need. Stigma can generate fear, misunderstanding and can prevent people from offering time, friendship or support to someone who is experiencing mental illness.

People who have a mental health concern begin to internalise and believe the myths and stereotypes about mental health. They may see themselves as inferior, incapable and unworthy of belonging.

Stigma can lead to discrimination. There are laws in Australia that protect people from being discriminated against because they have a mental health condition. What are the problems that arise from stigmatising mental illness? This fact sheet is about stigma and ignorance, fear, discrimination and professional indifference. It outlines several things every individual can do to challenge the stigma about mental illness. Type: Video Viewing time: 3. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server.

Please enable scripts and reload this page. Home Mental health Working with people with mental illness and psychosocial disability Mental health and psychosocial disability What problems does stigmatising mental health conditions cause? Mental health and psychosocial disability Currently selected Introduction to mental health Types of mental health conditions Mental health and coexisting conditions Introduction to psychosocial disability Personal experiences of mental health conditions Discrimination, stigma and mental health.

Current as at: Monday 24 February Contact page owner: Mental Health Branch. In this section Discrimination. How can the stigma of mental health conditions be addressed?Report a media item to StigmaWatch. Inaccurate, insensitive or sensationalist media reports on mental illness and suicide can have significant consequences: research has shown that people who read negative articles about mental illness expressed more negative attitudes toward people with a mental illness.

Research has also shown that exposure to negative media stories had a direct effect on attitudes about people with mental illness, which was not altered by subsequent exposure to positive stories. Most concerningly, a study found that media accounts of mental illness that instil fear have a greater influence on public opinion than direct contact with people who have a mental illness.

Defines people by their mental illness: e. Reports on tragedies involving untreated mental illness without context. This often contributes to community fear about people with a mental illness, if they are not reported within context. People receiving treatment for mental illnesses are no more violent or dangerous than anyone else; in fact they are more likely to be the victims of violence than the attackers.

Fails to secure informed consent from interviewees with a mental illness or exploits a person's vulnerability or ignorance of media practice. Suggests a suicide might be the result of a single factor or event — for example, a job loss or relationship breakdown. Many people who die by suicide have a mental disorder, a drug-related illness or other familial or social risk factors. Gives stories about suicide prominent placement e. Skip to main content Help Centre.

Reducing the Stigma of Mental Health

Examples of stigmatising reporting about mental illness and suicide. Listen to this page. Examples of stigmatising media reporting Mocking mental illness Mocks or trivialises mental illness. Misuse of medical terminology Misuses medical terms which mock or trivialise mental illness.

Misuses medical terminology which perpetuates misconceptions about mental illness. Sensationalist reporting Reports on tragedies involving untreated mental illness without context. Accuracy Reports myths or misconceptions about mental illness.

stigmatising mental health problems

Interviewees Fails to secure informed consent from interviewees with a mental illness or exploits a person's vulnerability or ignorance of media practice. Examples of harmful reporting about suicide Method and location Describes, displays or photographs the location or method of a suicide.

Sensationalises or glamorises suicide. Celebrity suicide Glamorises celebrity suicide. Lack of context Suggests a suicide might be the result of a single factor or event — for example, a job loss or relationship breakdown.

Positioning of the story Gives stories about suicide prominent placement e.Background: There are major gaps in knowledge about beliefs, stigma and discrimination in Uganda, including the relationship between different cultural beliefs and stigmatising responses, how stigma and beliefs result in discrimination and the impact of social factors such as gender, poverty and ethnic conflict.

Aim: This exploratory study aims to understand beliefs, stigma and discrimination associated with mental health in Uganda in more depth from the perspectives of different stakeholders. Methods: Focus groups and interviews were undertaken with mental health activists, policymakers, practitioners, non-governmental and human rights organisations, journalists and academics.

Results: Stigma was reported by individuals, families, communities and institutions, including health services. The study also found stigmatising beliefs linked to traditional, religious and medical explanatory frameworks, high levels of 'associated stigma', common mental health problems rarely medicalised and discrimination linked to poverty, gender and conflict.

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Conclusions: The findings suggest the need to address stigma in their cultural and social context, alongside other human rights initiatives.

Keywords: Uganda; beliefs; mental health; stigma. Abstract Background: There are major gaps in knowledge about beliefs, stigma and discrimination in Uganda, including the relationship between different cultural beliefs and stigmatising responses, how stigma and beliefs result in discrimination and the impact of social factors such as gender, poverty and ethnic conflict.Have we got to walk?

The mutation of the term "gay" into playground slang for anything or anyone that students don't like or don't want to do has quite rightly always been challenged. When spoken to, students are often indignant or simply do not comprehend that this language is inappropriate.

In a similar way, attitudes to racism and racist language have altered significantly since the death of Stephen Lawrence and the publication of the MacPherson report. Such language is now universally seen as unacceptable by teachers, students and parents alike. Such a change did not take place over night.

It took the efforts of parents, teachers, the school curriculum and time.

What Happened to the Mental Health Crisis among Younger People?

It is clear now that attitudes to racist and homophobic language in schools have shifted significantly, but is there more to be done? The language used to describe mental health issues, and the taboos surrounding their discussion in school are all too evident.

Compare for example the reaction of our students to the tragic death of Gary Speed and the heart attack suffered by Fabrice Muamba. Both events struck a chord with our boys, yet we found it much easier to discuss and react to Fabrice's heart condition than Gary's mental health issues. With Fabrice Muamba, the reaction of parents, students and teachers was: "this might happen to one of us With Gary Speed, the reaction was very different.

Students did not understand, and when questioned some teachers did not feel empowered to discuss. Parents, teachers and students never entertained the idea that this is something that may happen to them or their family.

Real sadness and empathy for Gary and his family, but discussion of mental health issues? I am afraid not.

NSW Health

Young people today come into contact with mental health issues in a variety of forms, whether it be depression, dependency or dementia. So is it right that the use of the terms "mental", "nutter" or "mad" are routinely heard used by both staff and students alike? Some would argue that all such terms be banned from use and challenged when heard.

I would suggest that a more open discussion around the issues surrounding mental health and the casual, sometimes hurtful, terms used to describe it just as we have with both racist and homophobic language. The impact that such words can have on a young person in the midst of living or dealing with mental health problems cannot be underestimated, and may not be easy to spot, as often these circumstances are not known about by staff.

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Unless we give young people the emotional tools to express and discuss their feelings, we are in danger of avoiding the part that mental health so often plays in in their lives. At Carshalton Boyscitizenship education has played a vital role, yet these lessons are under threat in secondary schools with the reshaping of the national curriculum and greater pressure to study subjects to full course GCSE level.

Another useful resource for us has come from Time to Changean anti-stigma campaign run by the leading mental health charities, Mind and Rethink Mental Illness. Time to Change have run several television advertising campaigns aimed at people who know someone with a mental health problem — family, friends, colleagues and neighbours — but who don't realise the harmful impact their attitudes, behaviours and language can have.

These short videos have been invaluable in providing stimulus material for teachers to use with students when discussing mental health issues and have had a real impact on students' attitudes language and behaviour.

So is "mental" the new "gay"? I would suggest that both terms need to be challenged and acknowledged as issues to be discussed and not shied away from with young people if we are to ensure that the taboos of society around mental health are not passed on to the next generation. A survey of Teacher Network members on mental health discrimination by Time to Change found:. Do you have something you want to share with colleagues — a resource of your own and why it works well with your students, or perhaps a brilliant piece of good practice in teaching or whole school activity that you know about it?

If so please get in touch. If you would like to blog on the Guardian Teacher Network please email emma.Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Stigma is when someone sees you in a negative way because of a particular characteristic or attribute such as skin colour, cultural background, a disability or a mental illness.

When someone treats you in a negative way because of your mental illness, this is discrimination. Stigma happens when a person defines someone by their illness rather than who they are as an individual. For people with mental health issues, the social stigma and discrimination they experience can make their problems worse, making it harder to recover.

It may cause the person to avoid getting the help they need because of the fear of being stigmatised. Get the mental health treatment you need. Try not to let the fear of being labelled with a mental illness stop you from getting help. Do not believe it. Sometimes, if you hear or experience something often enough, you start to believe it yourself. Mental illness is not a sign of weakness and is rarely something you can deal with on your own.

Talking about your mental health issues with healthcare professionals will help you on your road to recovery or management. Do not hide away. Many people with mental illness want to isolate themselves from the world.

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Reaching out to people you trust — family, friends, coaches or religious leaders — can mean you get the support you need. Connect with others. Joining a mental health support group — either online or in person — can help you deal with feelings of isolation and make you realise that you are not alone in your feelings and experiences. You are not your illness. Do not define yourself by your illness as other people might. There is power in language. These judgments are made before they get to know you, so do not believe that their views have anything to do with you personally.

Australia has legislation against discrimination and agrees with international conventions that protect the rights of people with mental illness.

Everyone has a role to play in creating a mentally healthy community — one that is inclusive, rejects discrimination and supports recovery. Ways to help include:. The following content is displayed as Tabs. Once you have activated a link navigate to the end of the list to view its associated content. The activated link is defined as Active Tab. If you think that you or someone you know has a mental health issue, there are a number of ways that you can seek advice, information and referral for general and mental health issues in Victoria A case manager looks after your interests while you are a client of public government mental health services If you are experiencing unusual or disturbing thoughts, feelings or behaviour, there are mental health services to help you in Victoria Stigma is when someone sees you in a negative way because of a particular characteristic or attribute, such as mental illness.For example, the following two expressions are the same for BigML.

If you specify both sampling and filtering arguments, the former are applied first. As with filters applied to datasources, dataset filters can use the full Flatline language to specify the boolean expression to use when sifting the input.

Flatline performs type inference, and will in general figure out the proper optype for the generated fields, which are subsequently summarized by the dataset creation process, reaching then their final datatype (just as with a regular dataset created from a datasource). In case you need to fine-tune Flatline's inferences, you can provide an optype (or optypes) key and value in the corresponding output field entry (together with generator and names), but in general this shouldn't be needed.

Samples Last Updated: Monday, 2017-10-30 10:31 A sample provides fast-access to the raw data of a dataset on an on-demand basis. When a new sample is requested, a copy of the dataset is stored in a special format in an in-memory cache.

Multiple and different samples of the data can then be extracted using HTTPS parameterized requests by sampling sizes and simple query string filters. That is to say, a sample will be available as long as GETs are requested within periods smaller than a pre-established TTL (Time to Live). The expiration timer of a sample is reset every time a new GET is received.

If requested, a sample can also perform linear regression and compute Pearson's and Spearman's correlations for either one numeric field against all other numeric fields or between two specific numeric fields. You can also list all of your samples. You can also use curl to customize a new sample with a name.

Once a sample has been successfully created it will have the following properties. Through the status field in the sample you can determine when the sample has been fully processed and ready to be used. Thus when retrieving a sample, it's possible to specify that only a subset of fields be retrieved, by using any combination of the following parameters in the query string (unrecognized parameters are ignored): Fields Filter Parameters Parameter TypeDescription fields optional Comma-separated list A comma-separated list of field IDs to retrieve.

A sample might be composed of thousands or even millions of rows.

stigmatising mental health problems

Thus when retrieving a sample, it's possible to specify that only a subset of rows be retrieved, by using any combination of the following parameters in the query string (unrecognized parameters are ignored). BigML will never return more than 1000 rows in the same response.

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However, you can send additional request to get different random samples. Filtering Rows from a Sample Parameters Parameter TypeDescription. As with inclusion, it's possible to include or exclude the boundaries of the specified interval using square or round brackets Example: ".

One of the limits can be omitted.

stigmatising mental health problems

This can be useful, for instance, when you're performing various GET requests and want to compute the union of the returned regions. You'll want this only when unique is set to true, otherwise all those extra values will be equal to 1. When index is also set to true (see above), the multiplicity column is added after the row index.

Useful when paginating over the sample in linear mode. Once you delete a sample, it is permanently deleted. If you try to delete a sample a second time, or a sample that does not exist, you will receive a "404 not found" response.

However, if you try to delete a sample that is being used at the moment, then BigML. To list all the samples, you can use the sample base URL. By default, only the 20 most recent samples will be returned. You can get your list of samples directly in your browser using your own username and API key with the following links.

You can also paginate, filter, and order your samples. You can also list all of your correlations. Example: "This is a description of my new correlation" discretization Object Global numeric field transformation parameters. See the discretization table below. None of the fields in the dataset is excluded. Specifies the fields that won't be included in the correlation.